Jon Hellevig
Articles, Lectures
and presentations

Book reviews

Legal Services in Russia
Business Administration
Outsourcing in Russia

Market Research in Russia
Accounting Services in Russia
Recruitment and HR services
in Russia

Corporate Trainings in Russia

Social Practices and
Interpretation of Feelings

Speech and Language
Speech vs. Language
Language - Interpretation of

Evolution of Speech
Mind and Consciousness
A Study of Expressions and

Language as Language

Mental Processes
Materialism Reinterpreted -
New Dualism

Biological Paradigm
What is art!
Competitive Method
Intuition and a priori

Infinite Variances
Competitive Justice
Conceptual Method of Science
European Union
Mottos and quotes


Few concepts of philosophy have been so misunderstood as moral. - The �moral� that figures in philosophy, in law, in ethics, and �morality� is a grossly flawed concept (�concept� indeed and nothing more). � In reality moral is the mode of relating to things and expressions; moral is ever part of being alive; moral is present as an aspect of all thoughts and expressions. - It is the mode of emotion or feeling present in every action or activity, conscious or unconscious - it is the difference between life and death.

The body is engaged in a continuous process of mapping its internal states and the external environment. I think about a radar, maybe such that human-kind of robots have in films like Star Wars � in those films the robots seem to activate the sensory system for special purpose tasks � but we could consider the real human collecting sense data in a similar fashion, but in a continuous process � a process which then produces feelings, the moral feelings, which are functions of the sense data supplied by the constantly activated moral radar.

The moral is all over the place � there is no human existence without a moral feeling � any feeling is a moral one. - Any content in the human mind is packed in a moral wrapper. It is only the package that gives it a meaning. The package is our moral sentiment � penetrating each most subtle aspect of living.

Ordinarily morals and morality are consciously perceived only in extremes. Macromorals are those issues that people in everyday life (and e.g. in the theory of law) conceive as being �moral�.

Legal philosophy always deals with the distinction between law and morality (morals). I claim that there is no distinction to be made in the first place as the moral is only the mode of relating to norms and not a special set of norms.

Rawls macromoral theories are very much criticized in this book especially the misconceptions that come packed as: �the Kantian interpretation of justice as fairness� according to which �the moral principles are the object of rational choice� defining �the moral law that men can rationally will to govern their conduct in an ethical commonwealth.�

Hume and Smith (and especially Smith) showed that moral, too, is a market conception - now, �market� does not mean �for sale�, but something that is the result ,intermediary result, of people�s constant on-going activities, their expressions and interpretations � this cannot be constructed: it has to be shown (described; told).

I shall point out that this insight to the idea of moral being the mode of relating, and coupled with understanding that expressions are not things, but interpretations of feelings is all we need to know in order to dismiss the idea that there could be any artificial intelligence that could match the human mind.

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