Jon Hellevig
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Interpretation of Feelings

Speech and Language
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Language - Interpretation of

Evolution of Speech
Mind and Consciousness
A Study of Expressions and

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Mental Processes
Materialism Reinterpreted -
New Dualism

Biological Paradigm
What is art!
Competitive Method
Intuition and a priori

Infinite Variances
Competitive Justice
Conceptual Method of Science
European Union
Mottos and quotes

Mottos and quotes

I want to put some mottos and quotes in the beginning of this book in order to guide the reader to some of the key philosophical insight I try to expose.(The expressions were originally mine when other authors are not indicated.)

" The doctrine that we can discover facts, detect the hidden processes of nature, by an artful manipulation of language, is so contrary to common sense, that a person must have made some advances in philosophy to believe it."
John Stuart Mill

" The results of philosophy are the uncovering of one or another piece of plain nonsense and bumps that the understanding has got by running its head against the limits of language.

" Philosophical problems are caused by posing the wrong questions and the problems disappear with turning the investigation around"
My resume of Wittgenstein's philosophy

It is philosophically correct to say that " In the beginning was the word." � With the word entered humanity, and with the word came the misunderstanding.

Wittgenstein: "At death the world does not alter, but comes to an end" (Tractatus 6.431).

Russians are fond of repeating after Gogol with a certain self-irony that in Russia there are only two problems: The roads and the fools. - But, we shall remember that in Europe they have merely dealt with the roads.

The only a priori mode of thinking is forgetting.

Game Theory � Conjectures seem so much more exact in mathematical form!

Analyzing the brain to understand the mind is like analyzing the paper and the ink to understand a text.

The feeling 'I cannot find the words' is due to the fact that there are no words to be found.

Wisdom is the capability of a person to recognize and discern one's own moral modes.

New improved double-bladed Occam's razor cuts superstitious belief even deeper.

The discovery that gives philosophy peace is the understanding of the essence of language and competition as the organizing idea of what ties all the parts together.

The truth admits but the everlasting interplay between expressions and interpretations.

Infinite interpretations of expressions, and expressions of interpretations wrapped in a moral mode exclude all ideas about truths.

Wisdom is to be able to recognize and to move between various levels of perceptions.

Words acquire a meaning not only in the context of a narrative, in the web of beliefs � the meaning is also inflicted by the moral sentiment, the way we relate to words and the feelings they arouse.

When all we start with is an interpretation, then we, naturally, cannot move further than to the next interpretation

Initial position (Rawls): the only initial position that there has been is the conception of a human being, and that is not a rational one, but a passionate.

It is egoistic to think that somebody else's suffering or death is meant as a punishment of yourself

Democracy is a function of the conditions for competition.

Moral is the mode of relating to norms and not a special set of norms.

The scoreboard of truth is a function of the competitive process. � This revelation effectively removes the hat from the riddle of law.

Any meaningful use of the concept 'true' means that it depicts a relation � and since it is a relation then it is never absolute.

The myth of the enlightenment is caused by not seeing the competitive method in action.

Feelings are more complex than the language that expresses them.

Science is the perception of what is ranked highest (it is a kind of a market quotation of arguments).

The true holistic view is that all is a dimension of a word.

When people do not recognize that all knowledge is only perceptions, people, in fact, become hostages to the perceptions.

We continue searching for the hard core of expressions (and that must be the culmination of alchemy: looking where nothing can be found).

But what can be true about an interpretation (for all expressions are interpretations).

Feelings maybe true, there maybe true feelings, but the interpretations are not.

For truth, if anything is a state of being honest to oneself (expressions are interpretations of feelings, there is no deeper meaning or truth to be found, and this is the deep truth).

In law at the end of the day one of competing views is pronounced true.

The extreme left and extreme right are neighbors at noon, when you just do not present them on a line, but on a circle.

Law is an activity where ritual masks reality.

The dilemma in life is that truth lies in the future, but love, hope and trust are in the past and we are in a continuous quest to reconnect with that feeling in the future.

Harmony is disrupted with the concept of two.

Language is used for expressing feelings � but as language is very underdeveloped for the task, the expressions are in fact only interpretations of the feelings: Feelings are more complex than the language that expresses them (even language in the broad sense). � This is what makes the task of interpretation of feelings an infinite endeavor.

The conservatives (and all our teachers are conservatives) do not understand that the official style of today is the deep-frozen radicalism of the past.

Maybe aspect-blindness partly is a protective device � helping us to endure this uncertainty � like sunglasses protecting against clarity.

Marxism has been incorrectly implemented in the West; there Marx's teachings were perverted by market economy, democracy, justice and other elements of competition.

�Materialism marks the bankruptcy of the mind which cannot take in the multiform phenomena of life and wants to devaluate them to the paltry integer, one; to explain everything with one simple explanation. ..The need to simplify is an infantile malady; such a need demonstrates that our helpless reason has not yet developed the power to comprehend the whole, to harmonize the chaos of phenomena.�
-Maxim Gorky in My Universities

�Materialism is becoming the fashion. Its simplicity makes it tempting. Its pull is particularly strong on those who do not want to take the trouble to think for themselves� Life is made up of innumerable intersecting circles; it defies all attempts to enclose it in the square of a logical system. It defies all attempts to bring these circles into even order � these intersecting lines of human actions and relationships�
- Maxim Gorky citing Korolenko in My Universities

�I do remember his words�the best and truest advice, I think, I have ever gotten: Hold always to what I know you feel now; that freedom of thought is man�s only and most precious freedom. And it belongs only to him who takes nothing on faith, who looks into everything himself; only to him who comprehends the continuity of life, its flow, and the infinite fluctuations of reality.�
- Maxim Gorky in My Universities

�Man becomes man through resistance to his environment.�
- Maxim Gorky in My Universities

"In a time of universal deceit, telling the truth is a revolutionary act."
- George Orwell

Nietzsche: Facts are precisely what there are not, only interpretations

Look out for nonsense...

The state is the actuality of the ethical Idea. It is the ethical mind qua the substantial will manifest and revealed to itself, knowing and thinking itself, accomplishing what it knows and in so far as it knows it. The state exists immediately in custom, mediately in individual self-consciousness, knowledge, and activity, while self-consciousness in virtue of its sentiment towards the state, finds in the state, as its essence and the end-product of its activity, its substantive freedom....
- Hegel

The state is absolutely rational inasmuch as it is the actuality of the substantial will which it possesses in the particular self-consciousness once that consciousness has been raised to consciousness of its universality. This substantial unity is an absolute unmoved end in itself, in which freedom comes into its supreme right. On the other hand this final end has supreme right against the individual, whose supreme duty is to be a member of the state.
- Hegel

From the understanding arise concepts.
- Kant

Emile Durkheim's first rule of sociological method: to consider social facts as things.

Popper on Marx: " His mistaken theories are a proof of his invincible humanitarianism and sense of justice."

Chomsky: �A universal grammar for a lunatic age of space cadets.� - And this brings us back to the relation Hume identified regarding the mutual complaisance between philosophers and their disciples: �while the former furnish such plenty of strange and unaccountable opinions, and the latter so readily believe them�. � And this turns a lot of science to an activity to find the psychological explanation for these disturbances.

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